E-mail this page to a friend

Fill out the information below to share this page with someone you know.

* Required

Diabetes management: self-monitoring blood glucose

The tiny drop of blood you see on your test strip contains a wealth of information. You can use this information to help you stay on track with your blood glucose target range and your healthy lifestyle goals.1

Routine testing

When you test your blood sugar on a daily basis—also known as routine testing—you can keep track of your results. The numbers you see immediately on your meter, in your meter’s memory or in your logbook can show you how the things you do affect your blood sugar:

  • Are your medications working as they should?
  • How does the type or amount of food you eat affect your blood sugar?
  • How does activity or stress affect your blood sugar?

Your healthcare team will probably recommend a schedule of routine or daily testing to help make your diabetes self-management easier. You can take it a step further with structured testing—checking your blood sugar at specific times over a short period to see how the things you do may affect your blood sugar. Doing so may help you take better care of yourself and your diabetes.

Target ranges

In general, the American Diabetes Association’s (ADA) recommended blood sugar levels are:

  • Before meal between 70 and 130 mg/dL2
  • After meal less than 180 mg/dL2

Your range is yours alone—based on your current health, age and level of activity, as well as the time of day and other factors. Ask your healthcare team to help you determine your targets. And remember your target is a range you’d like to stay within, but not a single number.

But what about times when you are out of range? Have you failed? Not at all. Your results are more than numbers that fall into or out of your target range. You can review your meter memory or logbook to find patterns of highs and lows. Then you can work with your healthcare team to make adjustments to your diabetes management plan that will bring you closer to your target range.

Keep it simple with structured testing

Diabetes self-monitoring does not have to be overwhelming. Not sure what to work on first or why your A1C is rising? Try the ACCU-CHEK 360° View tool. If you'd like to look at one thing, such as a specific meal or activity, try structured testing using the ACCU-CHEK Testing in Pairs tool. Take your completed tool to your next appointment so you and your healthcare professional can work together to fine-tune your diabetes management.


Choosing the right blood sugar meter

1Polonsky, WH. Diabetes Burnout: What to Do When You Can’t Take It Anymore. Alexandria, VA: American Diabetes Association; 1999.
2American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes–2011 [position statement]. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(1):S11-S61. Available at: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/34/Supplement_1/S11.full . Accessed November 15, 2011.

Don't throw your
black code key away.

Once it's inserted, it's good
for the life of the meter.
Request one now.

CADMS references: R95729

See the big picture

Get your FREE Accu-Chek Aviva Connect blood glucose meter. See offer for details.

CADMS references: R86218

Easily calculate
mealtime insulin

The ACCU-CHEK Connect
meter and app deliver
precise dosing advice.

A simple sugar created by the breakdown of carbohydrates in food. Glucose is the body's source of quick energy. On this site, we use "blood glucose" and "blood sugar" interchangeably.

The long-term measure of blood sugar control. The A1C test measures how many A1C hemoglobin cells (a specific part of red blood cells) have sugar attached to them. Because these cells live for about four months, this gives a picture of how well blood sugar has been controlled for the past few months. The American Diabetes Association recommends an A1C result of 7% or less to help reduce the risk of long-term complications of diabetes.*


*American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes–2011 [position statement]. Diabetes Care. 2011;34(1):S11-S61. Available at: http://care.
diabetesjournals.org/content/34/Supplement_1/S11.full Accessed November 15, 2011.